Different Types of Ankle Fractures

Ankle fractures are common orthopedic injuries that can occur as a result of accidents, sports injuries, or even everyday mishaps. Understanding the different types of ankle fractures is crucial for proper diagnosis, treatment, and recovery. In this blog, we turn to the expertise of Dr. Anupam Das, one of the best orthopedic doctors in Kolkata, to provide you with valuable insights into the various types of ankle fractures and their management.

Meet the Expert: Dr. Anupam Das, the Best Orthopedic Doctor in Kolkata:

Dr. Anupam Das is a renowned orthopedic specialist with years of experience in diagnosing and treating various musculoskeletal conditions. His expertise in ankle injuries and fractures makes him the go-to expert in Kolkata for comprehensive orthopedic care.

Types of Ankle Fractures:

  1. Lateral Malleolus Fracture:
    • The lateral malleolus is the bony prominence on the outer side of the ankle. A fracture in this area is known as a lateral malleolus fracture.
    • It often occurs due to twisting or rolling the ankle.
  2. Medial Malleolus Fracture:
    • The medial malleolus is the inner bony projection of the ankle. A fracture here is termed a medial malleolus fracture.
    • This type of fracture is typically caused by severe ankle sprains or direct impact.
  3. Bimalleolar Fracture:
    • A bimalleolar fracture involves the fracture of both the lateral and medial malleoli.
    • It is a more complex injury and often requires surgical intervention to ensure proper alignment and stability.
  4. Trimalleolar Fracture:
    • This is the most severe type of ankle fracture, involving fractures of the lateral and medial malleoli and the posterior aspect of the tibia.
    • Trimalleolar fractures require immediate medical attention and surgical treatment.
  5. Maisonneuve Fracture:
    • A Maisonneuve fracture is a complex injury involving a fracture of the proximal fibula with associated injury to the syndesmosis and medial structures of the ankle.
    • It often results from high-energy trauma and requires surgical intervention.

Treatment Options:

The treatment for ankle fractures varies depending on the type and severity of the injury. Dr. Anupam Das recommends the following approaches:

  1. Non-Surgical Treatment:
    • Stable ankle fractures, such as isolated lateral malleolus fractures, may be treated non-surgically with immobilization in a cast or boot.
    • This approach allows the fracture to heal naturally over time.
  2. Surgical Treatment:
    • Unstable fractures, including bimalleolar, trimalleolar, and Maisonneuve fractures, often require surgical intervention.
    • Surgery aims to realign the fractured bones and stabilize the ankle joint using hardware like screws, plates, or wires.
  3. Rehabilitation and Physical Therapy:
    • Regardless of the treatment method, rehabilitation and physical therapy are essential for regaining strength, mobility, and function in the injured ankle.
    • Dr. Anupam Das emphasizes the importance of a well-structured rehabilitation program.


Understanding the different types of ankle fractures is vital for effective diagnosis and treatment. Dr. Anupam Das, the best orthopedic doctor in Kolkata, recommends seeking prompt medical attention if you suspect an ankle fracture, as early intervention can lead to better outcomes. Whether through non-surgical methods or advanced surgical techniques, with the right treatment and rehabilitation, you can regain full mobility and return to an active lifestyle following an ankle fracture. If you or a loved one has experienced an ankle injury, do not hesitate to consult with Dr. Das for expert guidance and care.

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